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Tet is the central and popular holiday and festival in Vietnam that is around late January or early February, depends upon annually. Additionally it is an event to a family event reunions and disregarding the troubles of history year and seeking a greater upcoming year. This tradition is becoming sacred and secular and, therefore, regardless of where they’re or no matter the circumstances, family find approaches to return to meet their family.
Vietnamese consider Tet may be the national holiday that takes 3 days. However, in reality it can be longer and divided into three periods, before New Year’s Eve, New Year’s Eve, and the Year. Many of these phases contain activities and customs are celebrated in Vietnam.
Before New Year’s Eve is a period begins a couple of weeks prior to the actual celebration. There are numerous things to do such as neat and decorate the houses, try to pay all debts or everything borrowed before Tet, buy fresh clothes and presents for relatives…
The atmosphere prior to Tet is in the bustle of shopping, decorating the house, cooking traditional Tet food and waiting for relatives to return home. These days, the streets and investing arenas are filled with people want . large amount of commercial activity will cease through the celebrations; the color Red, symbolizing best of luck and happiness is observed everywhere.
To decorate the home, Vietnamese people often display Ochna integerrima, peach flower, kumquat tree…in the living room based on locality. However, many people also decorate qualities with bonsai and flower plants including chrysanthemum, marigold symbolizing longevity, in Southern Vietnam and paper white flower, lavender, in Northern Vietnam.
Food preparation plays an important role in Tet celebration. Each family cooks special holiday foods showing the significance of food rolling around in its celebration. Some of the meals are also eaten year-round, while other dishes are merely eaten during Tet. Also, a number of the meals are vegetarian because it is thought to be best of luck to consume vegetarian on Tet. Some traditional foods on Tet are sticky rice (Banh chung), watermelon seeds (Hat dua), pickled onion and pickled cabbage (Dua Hanh), jam…Preparations of those foods are very extensive.
Numerous worship rituals also exist in this era. Since the legend goes, every year on December 23 in the lunar calendar, your home God has a ride on the carp to the Heavenly Palace to produce a report on the affairs of the household on earth then returns on December 30 to welcome the modern Spring. So Vietnamese people often prepare an altar contain incense, flowers, fruits, and foods to express farewell your kitchen God. Sticky rice and salt can also be offered within the streets to any hungry ghosts who could possibly be wandering in the neighborhood.
These Tet preparations often finish before New Year’s Eve. It’s the comfortable and fascinating here we are at everyone when finishing Tet preparation, paying all debts or everything borrowed before Tet. It is usually enough time all members in family gather to take pleasure from atmosphere of family reunion including deceased ancestors. Vietnamese believe that their deceased ancestors will go to the family for that holiday through worship of inviting the Ancestors. So they really prepare a sumptuous meal to welcome back the ancestors which has a worship altar consist of flowers, fruits, candles, incense sticks and foods. In the end in the ritual, they’ll dutifully burn beautifully decorated paper tunics and garments and in many cases symbolic paper money – products which our ancestors need in Heaven.
In the New Year’s Eve, Vietnamese people often prepare the closely family dinner, celebrate New Year’s Eve worship (Cung giao thua) and wait for an sacred moment from the passage from the old towards the New Year by viewing sparkling firework.
The beginning of Tet starts around the first day’s the lunar month. Traditionally, in the early morning in the first day, Buddhists go to their best pagoda; the Catholics go to a pre-midnight mass to hope for happiness, prosperity because of their family inside the Year. Gleam tradition called "mung tuoi" (happy year) inside the north and "li xi" in the south. Usually, children wear their new clothes and provides their elders the original Tet greetings before getting a red envelope.
Vietnamese people feel that the very first person involves their properties about the New Year Day, that is known as the first-foot is vital. They’re going to bring good luck or misfortune for that New Year, so people usually choose who will be their first – foot.
Nowadays, people avoid arguments, or saying any bad things. Sweeping is taboo, mainly because it symbolizes sweeping the luck away. It’s also taboo for anybody who enjoyed a recent loss of a relative to see someone else during Tet.
During subsequent days, people visit relatives and friends. Traditionally however, not strictly, the next day’s Tet is often restricted to friends, while the third day is made for teachers, who command respect in Vietnam.
Vietnamese Tet has several original practices with customs and entertainment which may have distinct Vietnamese cultural characteristics. Though being from any location, Vietnamese people never forget whilst these customs on Tet holiday. Inside the framework of this article, a few customs and practices are presented to ensure readers can better see the traditional Tet of Vietnam.
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